On The Development History Of Carpet

- May 01, 2019-

As a soft ground material, carpet has a long history of development, which can be dated back to ancient babylonian and ancient Egyptian times. The nomadic people on the Iranian plateau began the development of carpet by weaving thick MATS with wool to keep out the cold winter. Today Iran is the number one market for hand-made carpets with 2%~3% market share in the global carpet market. Together with the Turkish carpet, Indian carpet and Afghan carpet, it is called the famous Persian carpet.


Coincidentally, the world carpet another birthplace is also a more special and changeable climate environment - China's xinjiang. Hotan in xinjiang has a reputation as the home of Oriental carpets, and the cash-rich uighurs still have a tradition of weaving carpets at home. With the development of the silk road and hexi corridor, xinjiang carpets were also introduced to Persia, injecting Chinese wisdom into Persian carpet weaving art. At the same time, xinjiang carpet was gradually spread to gansu, shaanxi, ningxia, Inner Mongolia, qinghai, Tibet and other provinces and cities. In 1860, it arrived in Beijing. Among them ningxia carpet as a result of charge for the making of workmanship is fine, colour is even, quality of a material and become famous instantly, price is not cheap.


Since 1921, tianjin has gradually become an important city for carpets. Modern silk reeling factories in China are located in tianjin. At this time the finished products woven carpet has been sold to Europe and the United States and other places. By the 1970s and 1980s, tianjin had become an important export area for China's hand-made carpets, and China's machine-woven carpets began to take off here. So far, many carpet inspection institutions are still located in tianjin.


But, these are a respect of carpet phylogeny only, namely traditional carpet. At the beginning of carpet starting, they are the whole development of carpet, or mainstream. Until the 18th century, the industrial revolution in Britain.


The industrial revolution pushed mechanical power into all walks of life. The carpet industry is no exception. At the end of the 18th century, there appeared a Brussels machine, which was further modified into the famous wilton loom and the akminster loom, which have been in use ever since. It should be the first time for woven carpets


In the 1940s, the tufting machine was invented in Britain, which adopted the method of placing velvet yarn on the existing fabric like a sewing machine, changing the traditional way of weaving and flocking on looms. Greatly increased the production speed, is a major breakthrough in carpet mechanization. So far tufted carpet has accounted for about 90% of carpet production


In the meantime, still have a big hand to also begin to control the development of contemporary carpet industry. In 1952, American dupont company invented nylon fiber, which began the reign of synthetic fiber. From the production of nylon, to polyester, polypropylene in 1965, during which nylon itself has been updated for five generations. Today, 60 percent of the world market USES nylon. Sixty-five percent of the world's nylon production is used to make carpets.


In general, tufted knitting, combined with synthetic fiber, make carpet industry, from the production capacity, design and color varieties, performance characteristics have made rapid progress. Also still will become the main direction that carpet develops in the future.