Classification of carpets

- Oct 19, 2020-

Classification of carpets

Carpets are classified into three types: natural fiber, chemical fiber, and blended fabric. Natural fibers include wool carpets, cowhide carpets, silk carpets, jute carpets, cotton carpets, etc.; chemical fibers include nylon carpets, acrylic carpets, polypropylene carpets, polyester carpets, etc.; blended carpets include wool/nylon, wool/viscose, wool /Acrylic, wool/polyester and wool/jute etc.

According to the weaving method, it is classified into three types: organic woven carpets, hand-woven carpets and non-woven carpets. Among them, woven carpets mainly include woven Wilton carpets and woven Axminster carpets; handmade carpets include hand-woven plain carpets and hand-tufted carpets. Carpets, hand-punched carpets, etc.; non-woven carpets include tufted carpets, crochet carpets and needle-punched carpets.  


Material of raw materials (common ones)

Wool carpet:

It is made of pure wool, which is processed by wool selection, scouring, carding, dyeing, blanket weaving, cutting and washing. It has the characteristics of excellent hair quality, unique skills and elegant patterns. It is unique in the world and is China's main export crafts. High-quality wool carpets are perfect in texture, elasticity, warmth, water absorption and noise reduction. They are not easy to age and do not fade. They are the best in carpets. But it is not easy to take care of, and care must be taken in cleaning and maintenance. The insect resistance, bacteria resistance and moisture resistance are relatively poor, and the price is expensive. It is mostly used in the bedroom or living room to enhance the quality and aesthetics of daily life.


Cowhide carpet:

Using natural animal fur, it is usually made of whole cowhide. Each blanket is natural, with unique patterns and colors, and the design style is mostly rough. Among them, the cowhide carpets imported from Brazil have good design effects and details, and are most popular. They are usually hung on the walls of the room as tapestries to highlight the fashion and luxury. They can also be used for study decorations, living room decorations, etc. .

The 26-square-foot cowhide carpets are mostly on the market, with prices ranging from ¥2,000 to ¥5,000. It has the advantages of ventilation, heat dissipation, sweat absorption, moisture resistance, abrasion resistance and insect resistance. The hair color is bright, the hair quality is soft, and the hand feels excellent. But it is easy to shed hair when used, the shape is irregular, and it is always accompanied by blemishes, marks or breakage.


Pure cotton carpet:

As the name suggests, the raw material is pure cotton. It has the characteristics of anti-static, strong water absorption, not easy to shed hair, soft and comfortable foot feeling, followed by easy cleaning, which can be directly washed in the washing machine. But also because of the strong water absorption, it is easy to breed bacteria and attach dust. It is suitable for use on the side of the bed or at the door of the bathroom. There are usually two types of bottomed and bottomless. The bottomed anti-slip effect is better. Because pure cotton carpets can be produced mechanized, the output is high, the price is low, and the characteristics of excellent wear resistance, resistance to insects and mildew, are very popular.


Jute carpet:

A carpet woven with jute rope and water grass rope. It feels cool on the feet and is particularly comfortable to sit on in summer. The material is durable and well maintained. Just wipe it with mild soapy water or soda water. The surface is easy to pull chairs or vacuum cleaners, suitable for laying under the living room or dining table. The disadvantage is that it cannot be washed with water and can only be scrubbed with detergent.


Chemical fiber carpet:

It is made by processing chemical synthetic fibers as raw materials into surface fabrics and gluing them with backing materials. According to the different chemical fibers used, it is divided into polypropylene carpet, acrylic carpet, nylon carpet, polyester carpet and so on. Among them, nylon is the most common. It has the advantages of abrasion resistance, good elasticity, mildew and moth resistance. It is suitable for families with pets or children. It has strong stain resistance, is easy to clean, and the price is relatively affordable. The disadvantage is that the heat preservation is not strong and it is easy to generate static electricity.

Polypropylene carpet fiber has low density, good pollution resistance, abrasion resistance, acid and alkali corrosion resistance, and its elasticity is slightly lower than wool, but higher than nylon; acrylic carpet fiber has light texture, full elasticity, high strength and good heat preservation performance. After flame retardant treatment, it is not easy to burn, not easy to shed hair, not easy to fade, not easy to wrinkle, and easy to clean.


Blended carpet:

It is a carpet made by adding a large amount of nylon or nylon and other fibers to a small amount of wool. It combines the advantages of wool and chemical fiber. It is not only wear-resistant, but also reduces moths and mold to the greatest extent. The texture is slightly inferior to wool, but it is easy to handle and durable. It is suitable for living rooms, bedrooms, dining rooms, halls and other places. , And the price is affordable. As long as the blended materials are well matched, they can make up for each other's shortcomings.